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Drug Information: Medical Marijuana

Medical Marijuana

The Florida Medical Marijuana Legalization Initiative, also known as Amendment 2, took effect January 3, 2017.

Since 2015, medical marijuana doctors in Florida have been able to provide only non-smoked marijuana with low THC levels to qualifying patients. Medical cannabis products, which have a larger dose of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), have only been available to patients who have been certified terminally ill by two doctors.

Amendment 2 expanded the list of approved conditions for full-strength medical marijuana to:

▪ Cancer
▪ Epilepsy
▪ Glaucoma
▪ HIV
▪ AIDS
▪ Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
▪ Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease)
▪ Crohn’s disease
▪ Parkinson’s disease
▪ Multiple sclerosis
▪ Other debilitating conditions as deemed necessary by doctors

A patient must first seek treatment from a qualified physician. A qualified physician must input the patient into the Medical Marijuana Use Registry. Once the physician inputs the patient’s information, the patient must apply and be approved for a medical marijuana use identification card. Once approved, patients must go to or seek delivery from an approved medical marijuana treatment center.

Other provisions of Amendment 2:

  • Requires parental consent before a minor can be certified by a physician to receive medical marijuana.
  • Permits caregivers to assist patients with marijuana treatments as long as that person possesses a caregiver identification card issued by the state. Caregivers must undergo a background check and are not allowed to use marijuana themselves.
  • Shields physicians from criminal or civil actions for issuing patient certifications.

No existing Florida law allows smokeable marijuana for patients; Amendment 2 doesn’t specifically address smokeable marijuana, so it’s unclear if it will be allowed.

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Maguire Medical Library
Florida State University College of Medicine
1115 W. Call St., Tallahassee, FL 32306
Call 850-644-3883 or Text 850-724-4987
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